Ranmasu uyana is pleasure garden of the ancient royals of Sri Lanka. It is located in between Thissa Wewa and Isurumuniya temple in Anuradhapura district of North Central Province. The garden is spreaded over 40 acres. This is a good example of ancient Sri Lankan garden architecture.
Establishment of this “Ran Masu Uyana” has been carried out to full fill the essential necessity of a royal park and this was built on the right side of the Maha Vihara premises. Inscription of Vessagiriya, established by King Mihindu IV in the 10th century A.D., has identified this as the “Ranmasu Uyana”. Meaning of the name explains that it was a habitat of gold fish and was built by King Devanam Piya Tissa in the 3rd century B.C.
Vessagiriya slab inscription of King Mihindu IV, reveals many details of the unique constructional techniques if the “Ranmasu Uyana”, which is considered to be a marvel of the ancient water management in Sri Lanka. According to the epigraphic disclosure, water through the main sluice gate is first taken to the gold fish park (“Ranmasu Uyana”) and then it was diverted to the play house (“Kadali Gruha”) and then to the garden pond and the water lily pond. Finally it was released to the paddy fields in the surrounding area of the Isurumuniya Viharaya.
Highly advanced building construction technology has been adopted in maintaining the natural beauty of the surrounding by joining the rocky out crops with ston slabs and the construction of lovely ponds and bathing spots and other essential components needed for a park.
This park has been in the extent of over 40 acres of land and this has been covered by the jungle when it was discovered by Mr. H.C.P. Bell in the year 1901 and the renovation work has been completed in 1940. This is declared a protected archaeological site.
~Department of Archaeology~
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